“It was an awful affair altogether”: The Battle of Gettsyburg

This past Sunday, I was able to take the trip North to visit Gettysburg. I’ve been interested in the Civil War since my love of President Lincoln was kindled in 2009 so a trip to the most famous battlefield was a mandatory pilgrimage.

Upon arriving, we by passed the introductory film but for those who are unfamiliar with those three bloody days in July, it’s probably worth shelling out the $12.50. (You also get admission to the museum and cyclorama of Pickett’s Charge) There are also options for bus and private tours of the nearly 6,000 National Park, but we opted for the free self-guided auto tour. You can pick up an auto tour map in the Visitor’s Center that provides information of the events that happened along the route.

Auto Tour route sign

The auto tour starts at McPherson Ridge, to the northwest of the town of Gettysburg, where the battle began on July 1, 1863 at 8am when Union cavalry confronted Confederate infantry. Continuing on, is the Eternal Light Peace Memorial, where at 1 pm on July 1, the Confederates fought back at the Union soldiers on McPherson and Oak Ridge. On the 75th anniversary of the battle, Civil War veterans dedicated this memorial with President Franklin Roosevelt.

Eternal Light Peace Memorial

Eternal Light Peace Memorial

Panorama of Oak Ridge, where Union soldiers fought Confederates until 3pm, when they were forced to retreat.

Panorama of Oak Ridge, where Union soldiers fought Confederates until 3pm, when they were forced to retreat.

Our next stop was the Virginia Memorial, which was also the location of Pickett’s Charge on July 3.  The memorial is located to the east of Spangler Woods with General Robert E. Lee and his favorite horse, Traveler, looking out across the field of Pickett’s Charge.

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There’s a short path that leads down to the location of Pickett’s Charge, but it’s easy to miss if you’re not looking for it. Pickett’s Charge was a devastating blow to Confederate forces, with over 50% of the men in grey killed in action. The reason for the huge Confederate loss was due to an oversight; Emmitsburg Road, which ran between the Confederate and Union lines, dipped into a valley and was bordered by a fence. Basic wartime tactic: you never want to be below your enemy.

Panorama of Pickett's Charge

Panorama of Pickett’s Charge

Another major battle location was Little Round Top, and subsequently Devil’s Den. On July 2, Union forces successfully defeated Confederates who were firing from the nearby Devil’s Den. Though the Confederates were guarded by the natural protection of the boulders of the den,  they were still firing at an enemy that was situated higher above them. Little Round Top provided sweeping views of large sections of the battlefield, making the location incredibly desirable.

Panorama of Little Round Top. The Devil's Den can be seen to the rear left.

Panorama of Little Round Top. The Devil’s Den can be seen to the rear left.

Gettysburg is ranked #3 on “most haunted places in America” and the Devil’s Den is perhaps the most haunted place within the battlefield. The location is where Confederate snipers hid to fire at Union forces located on Little Round Top History remembers this location from the infamous picture of the Confederate sharpshooter taken by photographers Alexander Gardner and Timothy O’Sullivan.

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Devil’s Den

There are numerous reports of camera batteries suddenly draining at the location of the photo of the sharpshooter and capturing images that weren’t there, or capturing nothing at all. On our trip, we saw nothing out of the ordinary, though rumor has it the solider haunts the area because the photographers moved his body from it’s original location to stage the photograph.

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On top of Devil’s Den. You can see Little Round Top ahead.

And of course, there’s Abraham Lincoln. On November 19, 1863, President Lincoln visited Gettysburg to dedicate the Soldiers’ National Cemetery and delivered his famous Gettysburg Address.

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Memorial to President Lincoln

Memorial to President Lincoln

Graves of Unknown Soldiers

Graves of Unknown Soldiers

Soldiers' National Monument, approximate location of where Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address

Soldiers’ National Monument, approximate location of where Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address

Though I’m a big fan of Lincoln, I didn’t know too many details about the battle. Being submerged in the actual location is perhaps one of the best ways to learn; seeing the same sights soldiers saw 150 years ago is quite surreal and humbling.

It’s impossible not to think of the thousands of lives who fought and how their loss completely changed our history.

Gettysburg Tips:

  • Plan plenty of time when visiting Gettysburg. We didn’t arrive at Gettysburg until about noon and didn’t finish our tour until about 4pm.
  • The park also offers hiking and bridle trails, if you prefer a more authentic experience.
  • It’s hot in the summer. I’m not sure what it is about historic areas, but they seem to be about 10 degrees hotter than any surrounding area. Dress accordingly.
  • It might be helpful if you brush up on some Civil War history. Unless you enjoy learning through submersion, which is cool too!
  • It’s practically free (unless you choose the add-ons) and you have literally no excuse to pay this important historic park a visit!